Ukraine Emergency Situation Report #6 (April 5, 2022) – Ukraine
Since the start of the war, the ongoing hostilities in Ukraine continue to cause unprecedented levels of displacement, both within the country and across international borders. More than 10 million people – around a quarter of Ukraine’s population – have fled their homes. Around 6.5 million people are forcibly displaced inside Ukraine and more than 4.2 million have fled to neighboring countries. Protection monitoring highlights from the Protection Cluster confirmed that the groups reporting to be most affected by the situation or facing barriers to accessing assistance were women, children, older people and People with Disabilities. It is estimated that more than 12 million people are stranded in the affected areas or unable to leave due to increased security risks, destruction of bridges and roads and lack of resources or information on where to find safety. and accommodation.
Eastern Ukraine continues to bear the brunt of the war, with continued reports of targeting civilians and civilian infrastructure, including health infrastructure and health workers. The humanitarian situation in Chernihiv (Chernihivska oblast, north) is also deteriorating. As of April 1, the number of attacks on health facilities verified by the World Health Organization had risen to 82. Specialized gender-based violence (GBV) services continue to operate, except in communities where hostilities active take place, including Dnipro, Vinnytsia, Lviv and Odessa. Referral pathways for victims of GBV are not fully functioning in many places and access to police services is limited.
The Ombudsman and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine have reported cases of rape and sexual violence in areas not controlled by the government. Human Rights Watch has documented “apparent war crimes”, including rape, in Russian-controlled areas, and local officials in Bucha (Kyiv oblast) reported the discovery of a mass grave of civilians believed to have been killed by Russian troops. The UN Secretary-General and the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights have called for an independent investigation into these reports.
The ongoing hostilities in Ukraine have already caused major disruptions to the medical supply chain and logistical infrastructure. The lack of consistent and predictable private logistics providers (infrastructure and staff) in the country leads to significant bottlenecks in last mile distribution as well as strong competition over limited assets across the country.
Nearly 100 partners are part of the health cluster and more than 60 of the protection cluster in Ukraine. UNFPA chairs the GBV sub-cluster under the protection cluster and the SRH working group under the health cluster, with weekly meetings to ensure a coordinated response. Information about their work and geographic coverage is entered into the 3W online dashboard.