united states – Language Keyboard http://www.language-keyboard.com/ Sat, 19 Mar 2022 09:21:48 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://www.language-keyboard.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/icon-120x120.jpg united states – Language Keyboard http://www.language-keyboard.com/ 32 32 Invasive Plants, Animals and Fish Are a Threat to Arkansas Outdoorsmen | Outside https://www.language-keyboard.com/invasive-plants-animals-and-fish-are-a-threat-to-arkansas-outdoorsmen-outside/ Sat, 19 Mar 2022 05:15:00 +0000 https://www.language-keyboard.com/invasive-plants-animals-and-fish-are-a-threat-to-arkansas-outdoorsmen-outside/ Giant threats to Arkansas fish and water lurk below the surface somewhere right now. The Arkansas Game and Fish Commission needs the help of boaters to stop these terrors before they spread further. Invasive non-native plants, animals, and other creatures may seem like small problems at first, but together they account for more than $120 […]]]>

Giant threats to Arkansas fish and water lurk below the surface somewhere right now. The Arkansas Game and Fish Commission needs the help of boaters to stop these terrors before they spread further.

Invasive non-native plants, animals, and other creatures may seem like small problems at first, but together they account for more than $120 billion (with a “B”) in damage to the United States each year. Blocking access to recreation, like fishing and boating, is just one of the ways these nuisance aquatic species are costing Americans money. They also have an impact on public services, tourism, aquaculture and agriculture.

No one wants to see their favorite lake overgrown with a green carpet of impenetrable weeds, but it has happened in some states, and some of the worst culprits are already here.

Matt Horton, AGFC’s Aquatic Nuisance Species program coordinator, says 36 aquatic nuisance species have been documented in Arkansas, including plants, fish, mussels and other types of organisms. Some of the better known species include giant salvinia, silver carp, northern snakeheads and zebra mussels, but these are just some of the species that can cause significant ecological and economic damage, as well as a risk to human health.

“Louisiana spends more than $1 million a year to control giant salvinia, a plant that was recently discovered in Arkansas,” Horton said. “Millions more are being spent on other aquatic invaders. This money is being diverted from habitat management, stocking and improving fisheries for anglers. The AGFC has already closed one from our hatcheries because the lake around it has become infested with zebra mussels, which is already impacting fishermen in Arkansas.

Just like when fighting a virus, Horton says the best plan of attack is to stop it from spreading to new areas. Here are some ways everyone can fight harmful aquatic species in Arkansas to keep our waters healthy and accessible for angling and boating enjoyment.

CLEAN, DRAIN AND DRY

Invasive species are usually spread through unintentional introductions when they hitch a ride on a boat, motor, trailer, or fishing and hunting gear. Taking a minute to wash off debris, remove vegetation, and let your boat and gear dry completely can kill those hitchhikers before they reach a new destination.

“Anything that comes in contact with water can be a vector for the spread of these different organisms,” Horton said. “Most invasive plant species are spread by tiny fragments of the plant. All it takes is a tiny fragment of the plant to quickly infest and overrun an entire body of water.

A pressure washer like the ones found in car washes can effectively clean the boat, engine, and trailer and remove many of the nasties that can hitch a ride on your rig. Pay special attention to the area around the berths and trailer axles, as they can grab vegetation at the ramp and carry it unseen until you get to a new body of water.

If you can’t wash the boat between trips to a new destination, let it completely drain and dry out, which will help kill some of the culprits.

UNPLUG

An extension of “Draining” in the motto Clean, Drain and Dry is to unplug your boat’s plug to make sure all the water has drained. By Arkansas law, all drain plugs must be removed from your boat at the boat launch upon completion of your trip. This includes bilge drains, cooler compartments, bait and livewells. Pathogens, such as viruses, as well as small bits of vegetation and invasive mold larvae can hide in your rig’s plumbing and keep the cycle going.

Anglers who want to keep their catch fresh on a long drive are best served to cover fish in a dry livewell with ice. Not only are you preventing the spread of harmful species, but the fish will actually be easier to clean and less likely to spoil than if they were brought home in lukewarm water. This law is not just about anglers. The ballasts of wakeboats should be drained after a day on the water to prevent these types of vessels from also harboring stowaways. ALL boat plugs must be removed.

LEAVE THE BAIT BEHIND

Live bait is the best way to ensure a bite when you go fishing, but the minnows you’re using might not be minnows after all. The water they are in may also harbor pathogens or pieces of harmful aquatic plants that are not native to the lake or stream where you are fishing. For this reason, the AGFC prohibits the movement of live bait, including crayfish, between water bodies. Any live bait used must be purchased from a certified bait supplier or sourced from the body of water where you are fishing.

Invasive young carp, such as silver carp and bighead carp, for example, can look a lot like shad, a native baitfish favored by anglers targeting striped bass, but silver carp can wreak havoc in a lake’s food chain and cause safety issues for boaters due to their tendency to jump out of the water when startled by a boat’s engine.

When you’re done with your fishing trip, it’s also best to dump the baitfish on the shore or in the trash where they can’t find their way back into the water. It may seem wasteful, but the accidental introduction of a virus or other invasive species into the water is far more devastating.

OBSERVE AND REPORT

Anglers and other boaters can help Horton fight aquatic pests by knowing what to look for and letting the AGFC know as soon as they spot a possible infestation. “The sooner we discover a new sighting, the sooner we can act to contain it and hopefully eradicate it,” Horton said. “Some plants, like the giant salvinia, can double in size in less than a week under the right conditions. Waiting for that to become a problem is not an option.

The AGFC is developing an online dashboard to help show people where pest species have been documented. A smartphone application will also be developed to facilitate the reporting of harmful aquatic species.

CLICK HERE to see what aquatic nuisance species have been reported in Arkansas and report any sightings.

“When people see one of these species, they can call me (501-747-9012), email reportANS@agfc.com, or use the online reporting tool on the webpage” , Horton said. The information needed for a report includes one or more photos of the organization, GPS coordinates if possible, the name of the body of water and the contact details of the person filing the report.

The University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff is also working on additional materials to help the public identify harmful aquatic species, which will be available soon.

DON’T START ANYTHING

It may be with the best intentions, but many anglers can inadvertently destroy fisheries by importing fish and other organisms that are not native to a watershed, one tank at a time. After a long day of fishing, some anglers may decide they don’t want to bother cleaning up their catch and releasing it alive into another lake or stream on the way home. Others may intentionally “store” fish they want to see in bodies of water closer to home after catching a few on a long trip.

Both cases are illegal and can have disastrous consequences. North Carolina, Georgia and Virginia are currently battling encroachments of Alabama spotted bass, native to the Coosa River Range, which began with introductions by anglers. These fish are known to be aggressive and fight well, but they overtake native smallmouth and largemouth bass in their new homes, ultimately harming fishing and actually reducing the overall size of fish weighed by some of the very anglers. who introduced them illegally.

CLICK HERE to learn more about how you can help protect Arkansas waters from aquatic invaders.


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VESTIAIRE COLLECTIVE ANNOUNCES THE ACQUISITION OF TRADESY, THE AMERICAN FASHION RESALE PIONEER, TO ACCELERATE CIRCULARITY IN THE GLOBAL LUXURY FASHION MARKET https://www.language-keyboard.com/vestiaire-collective-announces-the-acquisition-of-tradesy-the-american-fashion-resale-pioneer-to-accelerate-circularity-in-the-global-luxury-fashion-market/ Tue, 15 Mar 2022 14:00:00 +0000 https://www.language-keyboard.com/vestiaire-collective-announces-the-acquisition-of-tradesy-the-american-fashion-resale-pioneer-to-accelerate-circularity-in-the-global-luxury-fashion-market/ Increased liquidity directly benefiting customers of both marketplaces Combined scale in the US to unlock strategic local-to-local deals A strengthened team to continue building long-term success globally PARIS and LOS ANGELES, March 15, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — Vestiaire Collective SA (“Vestiaire Collective”), the global leader in the online marketplace for desirable second-hand fashion, today announces the […]]]>
  • Increased liquidity directly benefiting customers of both marketplaces
  • Combined scale in the US to unlock strategic local-to-local deals
  • A strengthened team to continue building long-term success globally

PARIS and LOS ANGELES, March 15, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — Vestiaire Collective SA (“Vestiaire Collective”), the global leader in the online marketplace for desirable second-hand fashion, today announces the acquisition of Tradesy, Inc. (“Tradesy”), the pioneer American fashion resale industry. The terms of the contract are not disclosed.

Vestiaire Collective and Tradesy were founded in 2009 by female entrepreneurs committed to transforming the fashion industry towards a more sustainable future. Today’s announcement reflects their shared ambition to further accelerate the growth of fashion’s circular economy by delivering a world-class customer experience to buyers and sellers around the world.

By joining forces, Vestiaire Collective and Tradesy are significantly increasing the size and reach of their peer-to-peer marketplaces, to the direct benefit of their sellers and buyers. The combined company will boast a community of 23 million members, a catalog of 5 million items and a gross market value (“GMV”) exceeding $1 billion. Clients of Vestiaire Collective and Tradesy will benefit significantly from the companies’ alliance. Sellers will see their product reach a much wider audience, both in the US and around the world, optimizing the overall sales process. Shoppers will be offered an even wider selection of highly sought-after second-hand fashion items, enhancing their shopping experience.

In recent years, Vestiaire Collective has grown at an accelerated pace in the United States, which has become its first market. In particular, since the start of 2022, Vestiaire Collective has grown its GMV in the United States at a rate of 75% over one year. To best serve its extended clientele and continue to place trust at the heart of its business model, Vestiaire Collective will open a new authentication center in Los Angeles zone (its fifth authentication center in the world and second in the United States). With such strategic scale and operational setup, the combined company will be very well positioned to grow its share of local-to-local, environmentally friendly transactions in the United States.

Maximilian BittnerCEO of Vestiaire Collective, and Fanny Moizant, Founder and President of Vestiaire Collective, will continue to hold these positions within the combined company, and Tracy DiNunzio, founder and CEO of Tradesy, will become CEO of Combined US Operations. The Vestiaire Collective and Tradesy teams will gradually merge to share best practices and support the accelerated growth of the American market. Vestiaire Collective will notably benefit from Tradesy’s unique understanding of US customers, while Tradesy will take full advantage of Vestiaire Collective’s industry-leading authentication expertise and global sourcing capabilities. In line with Vestiaire Collective’s global approach to technology, a technology hub will be created in Los Angelesproviding invaluable expertise to benefit the combined business on an ongoing basis.

Maximilian BittnerCEO of Vestiaire Collective, said: “Today’s transaction is a key milestone for the luxury fashion resale industry. By partnering with Tracy and her team, we continue to empower our clients to drive change by making second-hand fashion a first choice. With this transaction, we confirm Vestiaire Collective’s commitment to the ambition of being a true global player, promoting circularity in Europethe United States and Asia Pacific.”

Fanny Moizant, founder and President of Vestiaire Collective, adds: “We have been very impressed with the great accomplishments of Tracy and the Tradesy team over the years and are very excited to work together to accelerate change in the way people consume fashion. We are particularly excited about the scale we are achieving together and the associated benefits in the very attractive US market.”

Tracy DiNunziofounder and CEO of Tradesy, said: “Fanny, Max and their amazing team have done a spectacular job of positioning Vestiaire Collective as the leading marketplace in our global industry. With today’s transaction, we are able to significantly improve the customer experience. of fashion in the United States. The Tradesy team and I are thrilled to continue our shared mission with the incredibly talented team at Vestiaire Collective.”

John Doerdirector of Tradesy and shareholder who will now become a minority shareholder of Vestiaire Collective, added: “I am thrilled to see these two mission-driven teams joining forces to accelerate sustainability in the fashion and apparel industry. With this combination, Vestiaire Collective is poised to deliver even more value, ease and selection to customers around the world.”

Morgan Stanley is financial advisor to Vestiaire Collective and Dechert is legal advisor to Vestiaire Collective.

Cowen is financial advisor to Tradesy and Latham & Watkins is legal advisor to Tradesy.

FOR MORE INFORMATION PLEASE CONTACT

Communal changing room: Francesco Girona / +33 6 74 92 13 48 / [email protected]
Abernathy MacGregor: matt reid / +1 213 317 1605 / [email protected]
Havana Paris: Stephanie Elbaz / +33 6 46 0508 07 / [email protected]

About Vestiaire Collective

Vestiaire Collective is the world’s leading online marketplace for desirable second-hand fashion. Her mission is to transform the fashion industry for a more sustainable future by empowering her community to promote the circular fashion movement. He provides his community with inspiration, tools, and features to lead change by selling and buying pre-loved one-of-a-kind pieces from other people’s wardrobes. The platform is unique thanks to its very engaged community and its rare and desirable inventory of 3 million items. Launched in Paris in 2009, Vestiaire Collective is a certified B Corporation® with offices in Paris, new York, hong kongSeoul, Singapore and a technology hub in Berlin. To find out more, download the app, go to www.vestiairecollective.com and follow @vestiaireco on Instagram.

About Tradesy

Tradesy is America’s leading peer-to-peer resale platform for luxury fashion in United States. Its mission is to make fashion resale as important as retail, creating a more sustainable approach to commerce and shopping. With over $2 billion of second-hand fashion sold to date, Tradesy serves 7 million members and offers a catalog of millions of luxury and authentic designer fashion items from top brands, at prices up to 80% off sale by retail. Launched in Los Angeles in 2009, Tradesy has long had a strong commitment to its corporate values ​​of sustainability, fairness and authenticity. The company is led by its founder and CEO, Tracy DiNunzio, and its co-founder and chief product officer, Sash Catanzarite, and has 140 team members in the United States. Visit www.tradesy.com and follow @tradesy on Instagram to learn more.

SOURCES Vestiaire Collective


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How to help Ukraine from Syracuse: St. Patrick’s Day, Ukrainian style and other events https://www.language-keyboard.com/how-to-help-ukraine-from-syracuse-st-patricks-day-ukrainian-style-and-other-events/ Fri, 11 Mar 2022 14:18:00 +0000 https://www.language-keyboard.com/how-to-help-ukraine-from-syracuse-st-patricks-day-ukrainian-style-and-other-events/ Syracuse, NY – The door barely had time to close at the Ukrainian National Home this week. Each evening, dozens of volunteers prepare traditional Ukrainian dishes to sell after the St. Patrick’s Day Parade on Saturday. On Wednesday, they made 1,200 pyrohy (potato dumplings). Thursday was holubsti (cabbage rolls). On Wednesday, the club also collected […]]]>

Syracuse, NY – The door barely had time to close at the Ukrainian National Home this week.

Each evening, dozens of volunteers prepare traditional Ukrainian dishes to sell after the St. Patrick’s Day Parade on Saturday. On Wednesday, they made 1,200 pyrohy (potato dumplings). Thursday was holubsti (cabbage rolls).

On Wednesday, the club also collected supplies to ship to Ukraine. Every week since the start of the war, boxes of food, medical supplies and diapers have been stacked to the ceiling before being trucked to New Jersey and then shipped to Poland.

St. Patrick’s Day fundraiser sales and Lenten fingerlings every Friday (including today) help Ukrainian cultural organization send aid to Ukraine. The St. Patrick’s Day event runs from noon to 4 p.m. Saturday at the house. The frying starts at 4:30 p.m. and continues until 7 p.m. every Friday of Lent. To pre-order, go to the house’s website and click on the fry poster. To donate supplies for Ukraine, drop-offs are Wednesdays 6-9 p.m. or Saturdays 11 a.m.-2 p.m. They are located at 1317 W Fayette St., Syracuse, NY 13204. Phone number: 315-478-9272.

  • The Syracuse branch of the Ukrainian Federal Credit Union has set up a fund that will go directly to aid in Ukraine. There are no online donations. For more information, call the branch at (315) 471-4074 or stop by 211 Tompkins St. and tell them you’d like to donate to the “Ukraine in Our Hearts” fund.
  • West Genesee High School students collect supplies and money to send to Ukraine. They ask for toiletries, blankets, toothpaste, soap, canned food, clothes and socks. Boxes or bags of supplies can be dropped off at the high school, located at 5201 W. Genesee St, Camillus, NY 13031.
  • The First Ukrainian Pentecostal Church of Camillus is accepting online donations that will go directly to humanitarian aid for refugees in Ukraine and medical supplies for Ukraine. To make a donation, go to the “Announcement” section of the website and click on “Donate to Ukraine”.
  • People can make an online donation to the Ukrainian Orthodox Church in the United States through this link. This money goes to humanitarian aid.
  • Heritage Hill Brewery has a new beer, Ghost of Kyiv. For every beer sold, $2 will go to Ukrainian aid until the lot is sold out. The brewery is also hosting an event this Wednesday where 20% of all sales will go to a fund to help Ukrainian refugees, owner Dan Palladino said.
  • The Ukrainian American Youth Association in Syracuse collects humanitarian aid for Ukraine. Donate at this link.
  • Beer Belly Deli is hosting a Pints ​​Putin fundraiser on March 23 from 5-10 p.m. $2 from every pint sold will go to Ukraine relief. Rent from Ben, a University Hill rental company run by Ben Tupper, is sponsoring the event and will donate $1,000 if there are more than 200 drinks sold.

Many downtown businesses raise funds and also accept donations:

  • Anatoli Truskalo, owner of Photograffi Studio at 181 Walton Street, screen prints and embroiders shirts to raise awareness and generate donations for his home country. Before opening his photography studio, Truskalo created clothes. He has taken out of warehouses objects containing symbols and sayings in favor of Ukraine, and sells them in his studio. Proceeds from sales – and donations – will go to Ukrainian women and children living in Ukraine and fleeing the country.
  • Cathy’s Cookie Kitchen sells blue and yellow “Cookies for Ukraine”. Owner Cathy Pemberton will donate all proceeds to Jose Andreas’ World Central Kitchen (WCK), which helps feed Ukrainian refugees
  • Orbis Lounge, a restaurant and bar in Hanover Square, is donating 10% of its sales to help Ukrainian refugees until tonight.
  • Antique Underground at 124 E. Jefferson Street will donate 10% of all store and antique show sales this weekend. Antique Underground is open Tuesday through Sunday, 11 a.m. to 5 p.m.
  • Peace, Love and Cupcakes are also collecting items to donate to the Ukrainian National Home in Syracuse. Items such as medical supplies including first aid kits, gauze, gloves, bandages and other items continue to be in high demand. Peace, Love, and Cupcakes, located at 121 W. Fayette Street (map), is open Wednesday and Thursday from 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., Friday from 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., and Saturday from 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.
  • Projex214, a menswear retailer located at 211 E. Water Street (map), donated 40 pieces of clothing (30 pairs of pants and 10 shirts) to the First Ukrainian Pentecostal Church.
  • Hanover Square’s Prontofresh and Evergreen restaurants donated a portion of their profits to the Voices of the Children Foundation.
  • The Syracuse Cooperative Market in the Salt City Market is accepting donations for COOP Ukraine and will donate up to $1,000.

Here are some other suggestions from members of the Ukrainian community in Syracuse for places to donate:

  • Ukrainian Congress of America Committee fundraiser to support humanitarian efforts in the country. The funds will be used to purchase pharmaceutical and medical kits. Donate at ucca.org.
  • International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) The International Committee of the Red Cross provides shelter, food, first aid training and humanitarian aid around the world. The group has been supporting Ukrainians for nearly a decade and as the crisis continues, it is supplementing comfort kits for individuals and families in need. Donate to the ICRC on its website.
  • United Help Ukraine: This non-profit organization, based in Gaithersburg, Maryland, works to help those on the front lines to protect Ukraine, as well as the families of those who have been injured or killed, and those who have had to leave their home. To do this, United Help Ukraine focuses on fundraising events and awareness of the Ukrainian crisis. For more information and how to help, click here.
  • Revived Soldiers Ukraine: Revived Soldiers Ukraine is a non-profit organization that works to provide assistance to the Ukrainian people “in support of their basic human rights and the medical rehabilitation of Ukrainian soldiers”. Its website lists various ways to help the organization, which can be found here.
  • Children’s voices. The Ukrainian organization’s Charitable Foundation helps provide psychological and psychosocial support to children affected by armed conflict, according to its website. Voices of Children’s efforts to support children include art therapy, video storytelling, providing mobile psychologists and even one-on-one family support.
  • Sunflower of Peace: The non-profit organization raises funds to prepare first aid medical tactical backpacks for paramedics and doctors on the front line. Each backpack is designed for groups of 5 to 10 people and includes a range of first aid supplies, such as bandages, anti-hemorrhagic drugs and medical instruments, according to the organization’s Facebook page.

Organize another event or fundraiser for Ukraine, or a story idea, text or email me: Marnie Eisenstadt E-mail | 315-470-2246.


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Wellbore Matters to Commercialize Teradata Technology in the Oil and Gas Industry’s First Platform Deployable Solution for Drill Bit Inspection and Analysis Automation https://www.language-keyboard.com/wellbore-matters-to-commercialize-teradata-technology-in-the-oil-and-gas-industrys-first-platform-deployable-solution-for-drill-bit-inspection-and-analysis-automation/ Wed, 09 Mar 2022 16:00:00 +0000 https://www.language-keyboard.com/wellbore-matters-to-commercialize-teradata-technology-in-the-oil-and-gas-industrys-first-platform-deployable-solution-for-drill-bit-inspection-and-analysis-automation/ GALVESTON, Texas–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Wellbore Matters, LLC today announced at the largest drilling conference in the United States, IADC/SPE Conference and Exposition, that it has been granted an exclusive license to integrate Teradata’s incubated BitBox™ technology in its deployable next-generation platform solution. The partnership leverages Teradata’s industry-leading technology in both drill bit and data analytics platforms, enabling […]]]>

GALVESTON, Texas–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Wellbore Matters, LLC today announced at the largest drilling conference in the United States, IADC/SPE Conference and Exposition, that it has been granted an exclusive license to integrate Teradata’s incubated BitBox™ technology in its deployable next-generation platform solution. The partnership leverages Teradata’s industry-leading technology in both drill bit and data analytics platforms, enabling Wellbore Matters customers to use automation to revolutionize grading, inspection and analysis of drill bits.

Brett Luedde, Vice President of Energy and Natural Resources, said, “Teradata is focused on connecting data and analytics in the cloud, and we believe BitBox will be a transformative technology for bit decisions. We needed the right partner, with entrepreneurial experience and industry knowledge, to advance BitBox and develop its application as part of our Vantage multi-cloud data platform.

BitBox is a hybrid system. The physical inspection device captures 180 images of a drill bit. After uploading to the BitBox cloud software, the images are processed into a high-resolution 3D model by photogrammetry. AI and machine learning processes then fully characterize each bit component, identify, measure flaws, and construct constructs of the bit that allow individual blades and cutters to be studied, as well as the ordinality of the flaws.

“Teradata and Wellbore Matters are fully aligned with the mission to expand the use of BitBox and the application of data analytics to improve decision making for oil and gas operations,” said John Gibb, Founder and CEO. of Wellbore.

With its technology license, Wellbore Matters has secured the services of Teradata’s program development team, is partnering with its oil and gas sales team and is collaborating in the development of a new online system for training on the forests.

Scott Wise, Founder and COO of Wellbore, spoke of the significant relationship with Teradata: “It was important for us to keep the chain of knowledge. Our role is to get BitBox over the threshold. Wellbore Matters provides a robust commercial system that can be deployed in any drilling environment and deliver drilling intelligence anywhere. Our first Model 2.0 units (several of which are announced) will enter the field in September 2022, and customers can’t wait. »

About Wellbore Matters, LLC

Wellbore Matters, LLC is a privately held company committed to the mission of maximizing the combined power of vision technologies and data analytics to solve inspection limitations. Wellbore Matters’ product is reliable, repeatable measurement and advanced benchmarking enabling customers to improve decision making and drilling performance. Based in Houston, TX, Wellbore Matters serves US and global markets. For more information, visit www.wellborematters.com.


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The airlines most likely to lose or damage your baggage https://www.language-keyboard.com/the-airlines-most-likely-to-lose-or-damage-your-baggage/ Thu, 03 Mar 2022 13:59:00 +0000 https://www.language-keyboard.com/the-airlines-most-likely-to-lose-or-damage-your-baggage/ (Stacker) – Nothing can ruin a vacation faster than arriving at your destination ready to relax and unwind, only to realize that none of your stuff has arrived with you. By now, most seasoned travelers have mastered the age-old trick of carrying necessities, including a change of clothes or two, in their carry-on luggage, just […]]]>

(Stacker) – Nothing can ruin a vacation faster than arriving at your destination ready to relax and unwind, only to realize that none of your stuff has arrived with you.

By now, most seasoned travelers have mastered the age-old trick of carrying necessities, including a change of clothes or two, in their carry-on luggage, just in case they find themselves in this predicament. But there’s another way to avoid the headache of lost baggage: know which airlines are most likely to mishandle your baggage, and understand their policies on lost and damaged baggage just in case.

To that end, Stacker has ranked airlines among the most likely to lose, damage or delay your baggage, based on data from the 2021 Air Travel Consumer Report.

For each operating carrier (the organization that physically manages the flight, not necessarily the organization that sold you the flight, or the marketing carrier), we have included data points covering the total number of mishandled bags per 1,000 items from October 2021, as well as the total number of bags handled.

All mishandled baggage figures in this article were self-reported by travellers. Check out our guide before your next big trip and book those tickets (or pack that carry-on) accordingly.

#ten. Skywest Airlines

  • Number of misdirected bags per thousand: 4.51
  • 11,191 bags lost or damaged out of a total of 2,481,721 bags handled

SkyWest Airlines is a small regional carrier that operates flights on behalf of major airlines like Alaska, United, Delta, and American. Its aircraft currently travel to 250 cities in the United States, Canada and Mexico, carrying customers to smaller cities like Boise, Idaho and Milwaukee, Wisconsin, connecting them to major air travel hubs like Chicago and Dallas-Fort. Worth.

Because the airline operates in place of these larger carriers, it does not have its own unique baggage policy, relying instead on the policies of its partners. That being said, SkyWest promises to reimburse passengers for “reasonable toiletries and essentials for time spent without their belongings” in the event of lost or delayed baggage.

#9. South West Airlines

  • Number of misdirected bags per thousand: 4.62
  • 41,245 bags lost or damaged out of a total of 8,917,967 bags handled

For more than 50 years, Southwest Airlines has been committed to providing low-cost, hassle-free flights to customers at 121 airports in 11 countries.

According to the company’s website, they offer more nonstop flights within the United States than any other airline, which most certainly helps keep their mishandled baggage count so low. In the event of lost or delayed baggage, Southwest will deliver the baggage to the customer’s desired location, which means you won’t have to take time out of your vacation to search for your belongings.

If a bag remains lost for more than five days, travelers can file a claim with Baggage Services to be reimbursed for the value of the items.

#8. PSA airlines

  • Number of misdirected bags per thousand: 4.78
  • 5,403 bags lost or damaged out of a total of 1,130,847 bags handled

A small regional airline that primarily serves cities in the eastern United States, PSA Airlines operates an average of 800 flights per day.

The company is a 100% subsidiary of American Airlines, which means that their lost and damaged baggage policies are identical to those of their parent company.

After losing a bag, travelers should file a complaint with the airline, which will begin efforts to find the bag. If the baggage has not been found within five days, customers can request that the cost of the baggage and everything in it be covered by PSA.

In the meantime, the company will cover the cost of necessities as long as detailed receipts can be provided.

#7. Endeavor Air

  • Number of misdirected bags per thousand: 4.82
  • 4,860 bags lost or damaged out of a total of 1,007,850 bags handled

Like PSA Airlines, Endeavor Air is a wholly owned subsidiary of a major airline. With more than 193 jets in its arsenal, the company operates connecting flights between 140 cities, many of which are in the Midwest.

Endeavor’s lost baggage policies also align with those of its parent company (in this case, Delta Air Lines), which means customers must report lost baggage within 24 hours. The airline will search for the items for 14 days, and if they are not found within that time, you are entitled to a refund.

#6. Republic Airways

  • Number of misdirected bags per thousand: 5.40
  • 4,726 bags lost or damaged out of a total of 874,948 bags processed

Republic Airways flies from 11 bases for larger carriers like American Eagle, Delta Connection and United Express. The regional airline is an affordable option for those looking to get to very specific locations (the airline flies to just 100 cities in 40 states).

Because the company operates on behalf of its more traditional partners, it does not have a lost or damaged baggage policy, relying instead on the systems and rules put in place by the larger brands. They do, however, have specific rules regarding baggage size – they won’t carry anything over 96 inches – due to the small size of the aircraft they operate.

#5. Mesa Airlines

  • Number of misdirected bags per thousand: 5.93
  • 3,676 bags lost or damaged out of a total of 619,525 bags handled

In 1982, Mesa Airlines began as a single-plane shuttle that flew daily round trips between Farmington and Albuquerque, New Mexico. These days, the regional airline carries passengers between 200 destinations in the United States, offering flights on behalf of United and American Airlines.

Mesa’s website offers very little information about their lost and damaged baggage policies, which likely means that, as is the case with many other regional carriers, they defer to their partners’ policies. Customers dealing with missing luggage would be best to contact United or American for assistance in locating the missing items.

#4. Delta Airlines

  • Number of misdirected bags per thousand: 5.95
  • 33,967 bags lost or damaged out of a total of 5,705,942 bags handled

Founded in 1925, Delta Air Lines carries 200 million travelers each year to 300 destinations around the world. Given this huge volume, it’s no wonder the company ranks so high on our list of airlines most likely to lose your luggage.

Delta policy states that travelers must report lost baggage within 24 hours, or seven days for international travel. All refunds for delayed or lost baggage will be issued in the form of e-vouchers (which must be requested online), which are valid for future travel with the company.

#3. Alaska Airlines

  • Number of misdirected bags per thousand: 6.07
  • 8,682 bags lost or damaged out of a total of 1,430,197 bags handled

Alaska Airlines is aptly named for the state where it began offering local flights some 85 years ago. As of 2022, the airline now offers service in all 50 states, as well as several other countries, carrying some 44 million customers annually.

If you check baggage with Alaska and reach one of these 100+ destinations to find that your baggage has been damaged or lost, you must report it in person, immediately. The airline’s website says most bags are located within 48 hours, but the airline will continue to search for bags for up to six weeks. After five days, customers can request a refund.

#2. Air Envoy

  • Number of misdirected bags per thousand: 7.71
  • 6,401 bags lost or damaged out of a total of 829,856 bags processed

A wholly-owned subsidiary of American Airlines, Envoy Air offers inexpensive flights to 150 regional destinations. With over 1,000 daily flights, there are plenty of opportunities for your luggage to get lost and it often does.

If your baggage is missing from an Envoy flight, you will be asked to follow standard American Airlines procedures: file a claim online, submit an electronic refund form, and wait at least five days before following up. . Damaged baggage must be reported immediately if you wish to claim financial compensation.

#1. American airlines

  • Number of misdirected bags per thousand: 7.94
  • 43,035 bags lost or damaged out of a total of 5,417,841 bags handled

Worst airline for losing and damaging luggage? American Airlines. Founded in 1926, American began as a mail carrier, moving to passenger flights in 1934. Over the next 100 years, it would become the largest airline in the world, operating 14,250 flights a day to 1,000 destinations.

Given the size of the business, its lost and damaged baggage policy is incredibly streamlined and can be done almost entirely online, meaning customers never have to wait long on the phone to speak to an agent. . Plus, American will deliver found luggage to an address of your choosing (home or hotel), meaning the added aggravation of having to return to the airport to pick up lost items can be avoided entirely.

Copyright 2022 Stacker via Gray Media Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


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Key Drivers and Trends of the Global MMOG (Massively Multiplayer Online Games) Market 2021 to 2027 https://www.language-keyboard.com/key-drivers-and-trends-of-the-global-mmog-massively-multiplayer-online-games-market-2021-to-2027/ Tue, 01 Mar 2022 16:43:33 +0000 https://www.language-keyboard.com/key-drivers-and-trends-of-the-global-mmog-massively-multiplayer-online-games-market-2021-to-2027/ In his extensive research Global MMOG (massively multiplayer online games) market from 2021 to 2027the MarketsandResearch.biz examines recent market trends and industry growth for the projected years. It also provides information about market volume, value and growth rate. Each market category has been carefully analyzed and given in the study with regards to market segmentation. […]]]>

In his extensive research Global MMOG (massively multiplayer online games) market from 2021 to 2027the MarketsandResearch.biz examines recent market trends and industry growth for the projected years. It also provides information about market volume, value and growth rate. Each market category has been carefully analyzed and given in the study with regards to market segmentation.

The significant potential of the MMOG (Massively Multiplayer Online Games) sector is assessed and the elements that are fueling the development of the industry are highlighted. The analysis examines historical growth trends, current growth factors, anticipated future results and history, as well as the market growth potential in the coming years and successful traders. The research reveals key factors influencing and driving growth market data and analysis.

DOWNLOAD FREE SAMPLE REPORT: https://www.marketsandresearch.biz/sample-request/213585

Segments are analyzed using a top-down and bottom-up method for data synthesis. All the factors that influence a choice are taken into account in the top-down approach. The bottom-up strategy focuses on the micro-components of the market before expanding to the global market level. Organizations can plan to overcome challenges and pursue solid development including comprehensive assessment of industrial and future market conditions.

Market segmentation based on type:

  • Role-playing games (RPGs)
  • First person shooter (FPS)
  • Real Time Strategy (RTS)

Market segmentation based on application:

The following companies are covered by the market:

  • Aeria Games and Entertainment Inc.
  • Ankama
  • PCC hf
  • Changyou.com Ltd.
  • CipSoft GmbH
  • Cryptic Studios Inc.
  • OGPlanet
  • Perfect World Co. Ltd.
  • Riot Games
  • Shanda Interactive Entertainment Ltd.
  • Tencent Holdings Limited
  • Turbine Inc.
  • Ubisoft Entertainment SA
  • Valve company
  • Wargaming.net

Geographical territories covered by the market:

  • North America (United States, Canada and Mexico)
  • Europe (Germany, France, UK, Russia, Italy and Rest of Europe)
  • Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Southeast Asia and Australia)
  • South America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia and rest of South America)
  • Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, South Africa and Rest of Middle East and Africa)

ACCESS FULL REPORT: https://www.marketsandresearch.biz/report/213585/global-mmog-massively-multiplayer-online-games-market-2021-by-company-regions-type-and-application-forecast-to – 2026

Here are some of the reasons why users should purchase this report such as a forward-looking perspective on changing variables controlling the development of business sector, showing how the global MMOG (Massively Multiplayer Online Games) market is expected to grow at the future, understanding the important parts of the items and their future, the changing characteristics of the rivalry in great detail, and provides an in-depth examination of the market segments.

Report customization:

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Survey reveals benefit of marijuana for symptom control in Norwegian patients with PD https://www.language-keyboard.com/survey-reveals-benefit-of-marijuana-for-symptom-control-in-norwegian-patients-with-pd/ Sat, 26 Feb 2022 17:47:27 +0000 https://www.language-keyboard.com/survey-reveals-benefit-of-marijuana-for-symptom-control-in-norwegian-patients-with-pd/ Marijuana is not legal in Norway, where a survey of Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients found just over 11% were current or former cannabis users. In Norway, where cannabis is illegal, 1 in 20 patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) use cannabis to help manage symptoms, according to a recent study. The authors noted that interest in […]]]>

Marijuana is not legal in Norway, where a survey of Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients found just over 11% were current or former cannabis users.

In Norway, where cannabis is illegal, 1 in 20 patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) use cannabis to help manage symptoms, according to a recent study.

The authors noted that interest in cannabis for the management of motor and non-motor symptoms has increased in recent years among patients with PD worldwide, as patients and researchers have described benefits, although due to a lack of randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials, conclusive evidence does not exist. However, this does not prevent actual use, which is said to fluctuate between 4% and 25% in the United States, Germany and the Czech Republic.

To learn more about how patients and caregivers use or think about cannabis in Norway, researchers conducted an anonymous online survey. Participants who were members of the Norwegian Parkinson’s Association (N-PA) were invited to join between February and August 2021 via email, social media, podcasts and webinars. There was also an online invitation on the web pages of the Norwegian Center for Movement Disorders. The N-PA has approximately 3,500 members with Parkinson’s disease and 1,000 caregiver members. A total of 530 patients and 108 caregivers agreed to participate.

The Can-PD survey includes 24 items on patients’ cannabis use history, perceived benefits and adverse effects of cannabis use, and expectations of healthcare providers. Caregivers completed a shorter 3-7 item survey asking about their experience with cannabis.

Participants with PD were significantly older than caregivers (65.5 [8.6] against 58.1 [15.9], P <.001) and more likely to be male (χ2 = 38.6, P <.001).

A total of 59 (11.3%) patients reported having previously or currently used cannabis; use was related to increased disease duration, but not to age or sex. Only 7 (6.6%) of caregivers reported current or past use.

Benefits for patients were more frequently reported by current users than by previous users, and furthermore, negative effects were rarely reported (4.8% of current users and 5.6% of previous users). Only 2 participants (1 in each group) reported interaction effects between cannabis and PD medications prescribed for PD.

The most frequently used form of cannabis was CBD oil, followed by street or illicit marijuana.

Regarding benefits, patients cited improvements in motor function (69.5%), sleep (52.5%), and pain relief (37.3%).

While half of cannabis users had sought advice from a medical professional about cannabis use, only about 20% of non-consumers interested in cannabis had consulted a professional. Barriers to seeking advice included low expectations, fear of negative consequences, unwillingness to disclose over-the-counter bed treatments, and other reasons.

“These findings are important for clinical practice, as these barriers may impede the identification of patients using these products,” the authors wrote. “Furthermore, the frequent interest in cannabis among PwPs indicates a need for the development of new effective treatment strategies for PwPs.”

Reference

Erga AH, Maple-Grødem J, Alves G. Cannabis use in Parkinson’s disease – a national online survey. Acta Neurol Scan. Published online February 17, 2022. doi:10.1111/ane.13602


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Introduce digital media education in schools https://www.language-keyboard.com/introduce-digital-media-education-in-schools/ Thu, 24 Feb 2022 07:39:53 +0000 https://www.language-keyboard.com/introduce-digital-media-education-in-schools/ A recent study focusing on the United States and India highlighted the lack of attention to digital media literacy in education policies as a critical factor in the spread of disinformation online. The power of social media to optimize and accelerate the spread of disinformation and its damaging consequences for democracy is of concern to […]]]>

A recent study focusing on the United States and India highlighted the lack of attention to digital media literacy in education policies as a critical factor in the spread of disinformation online.

The power of social media to optimize and accelerate the spread of disinformation and its damaging consequences for democracy is of concern to policymakers around the world. Misinformation spread by social media apps (49% of the world’s population are active users) has been linked to entrenched social polarization, rising authoritarianism, vaccine hesitancy, and outright violence. Therefore, maintaining democratic values ​​requires measures to limit and control the spread of false information on social media platforms.

There are two main policy-driven approaches to tackling disinformation: regulating social media platforms and controlling social media.

Regulation and its limits

The most popular approach among governments is to regulate social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter. However, such interventions are fraught with negative political fallout because citizens in most liberal democratic societies are wary of state interventions on freedom of expression. Another strategy is self-regulation by the platforms themselves, which can bring about changes quickly and at scale. However, engagement is a key source of their revenue, and so these platforms have an incentive to rig their algorithms to spread emotionally charged misinformation. Additionally, research shows that misinformation branding strategies have a marginal effect on the propensity to consume and share fake news.

A second strategy that has not received enough attention (particularly in India) is digital media education for citizens, especially schoolchildren, to equip them with the skills to navigate the information they receive. through these platforms. Therefore, technological interventions aimed at countering disinformation must be complemented by human-centered solutions focused on digital media literacy. A recent study focusing on the United States and India highlighted the lack of attention to digital media literacy in education policies as a critical factor in the spread of disinformation online. A report by Ofcom, the UK’s communications regulator, also highlighted the importance of media literacy skills in limiting the spread of misinformation.

The Government of India’s National Education Policy 2022 is a missed opportunity to insert media literacy into the school curriculum. The policy places considerable importance on ‘higher order’ cognitive abilities, such as critical thinking and problem solving, but also on social, ethical and emotional abilities and dispositions” (p.3). However, “digital literacy” is only mentioned once in the entire document, and social media literacy is entirely neglected. This is a serious shortcoming, as social media is the primary source of student literacy. Education policy should equip students with a social media literacy that would involve applying critical thinking to the information they are inundated with daily through social media.

Digital media literacy program for schoolchildren:

A recent Stanford study highlights how poorly prepared students are to check the credibility of information received online. Differentiating credible information from disinformation or fake news is a skill that must be taught in school to become responsible citizens. Several international examples can provide models for Indian governments.

A pilot study of 50 schools in Ukraine involving 8th and 9th graders found improved ability of students to identify disinformation, propaganda, facts, opinions and hate speech after teachers have integrated the “Learning to discern at school” (L2D) program into their courses. The program has been adapted from IREX’s ‘Learning to Discern’ skills-building methodology for media and information literacy. The results of the study indicate that L2D participants were twice as likely to detect hate speech.

Another example of such an initiative comes from Finland. The government has launched an anti-fake news initiative to teach residents, students, journalists and politicians how to counter divisive fake news. The training program was piloted by a high-level committee of 30 members representing more than 20 different agencies, including ministries and social organizations. The national education system was also overhauled in 2016 to include critical thinking and cross-platform information literacy in the curriculum.

Kerala has launched a similar initiative in Kannur district. From 2016 to 2018, there were several cases of misinformation regarding the MMR (mumps measles rubella) vaccine. The district administration responded with a digital media education program called “Sathyameva Jayate” to combat this. The program included awareness on topics such as how the internet works, how money goes to creators through click links, click bait, filter bubbles, how social media personalizes our experience Internet according to our choices. The teachers used various audio-visual forms to train the students. The state government is rolling out a new digital literacy program to combat fake news in public schools.

Curriculum policy

Curriculum setting is a politically unstable process. This is particularly relevant when implementing media literacy programs through school curricula on truth and fake news. For example, media education may be suspected of indoctrinating students and promoting partisan ideological agendas. Moreover, treating the dominant ideology as the neutral norm can reinforce dominant hierarchies through media literacy.

Some scholars also argue that media literacy can lead to anti-media bias, which can remove the empowering potential that media can offer. In response to these ideological and political debates, some scholars emphasize educating students (and adults) about the power dynamics of mainstream media production, purpose, and themes in evaluating the information presented to them. The type of funding also influences the type of media literacy programs put in place.

Political actors are increasingly adept at using social media to spread misinformation based on their interests. Policies to govern tech platforms – whether state-led or voluntary – are important. Equally important, however, is equipping citizens with the awareness and skills to navigate the vast amount of information inundated by social media. The insertion of digital media education programs into school curricula is a desperately needed political intervention to prepare future responsible citizens in this digital world and uphold democratic values.

Chandana S is a student at the Center for Policy Studies, IIT Bombay

Opinions expressed are personal


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DC news truck convoy: National Guard gears up for Joe Biden SOTU https://www.language-keyboard.com/dc-news-truck-convoy-national-guard-gears-up-for-joe-biden-sotu/ Wed, 23 Feb 2022 17:40:35 +0000 https://www.language-keyboard.com/dc-news-truck-convoy-national-guard-gears-up-for-joe-biden-sotu/ National Guard will help control planned truck convoy protests in DC Up to 800 National Guard troops are expected to be deployed ahead of President Joe Biden’s State of the Union address amid fears over the protest convoy of truckers heading to Washington DC for the event. Mayor Muriel Bowser and the Pentagon confirmed that […]]]>

National Guard will help control planned truck convoy protests in DC

Up to 800 National Guard troops are expected to be deployed ahead of President Joe Biden’s State of the Union address amid fears over the protest convoy of truckers heading to Washington DC for the event.

Mayor Muriel Bowser and the Pentagon confirmed that National Guard personnel have been asked to “provide support at traffic checkpoints in and around the district” and to be alert to “possible disruptions on major thoroughfares in circulation”.

However, no decision on the deployment or number of troops has yet been made, he said.

Several groups are reportedly planning different protests on different routes to Washington DC this week and in March, with several maps and convoy routes being shared on social media.

Law enforcement in Maryland, Virginia and the nation’s capital are monitoring potential protests, and security around the U.S. Capitol is heightening around Mr. Biden’s SOTU speech, scheduled for March 1, as there are fears that some protesters may try to disrupt the event. .

1645638035

Bolus pretends to lead a much larger convoy

NBC Washington anchor and transportation reporter Adam Tuss just spoke by phone with Bob Bolus, who says he’s leading a convoy of 40-50 vehicles and has no plans to cut off traffic today today.

Instead, it will follow the flow of Beltway traffic.

Olivier O’ConnellFebruary 23, 2022 5:40 p.m.

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What we know about possible trucker protests in Washington DC

An online movement among US groups to replicate the “Freedom Convoy” that has gripped Ottawa, Ontario is eyeing Washington DC and heading to the nation’s capital to protest pandemic restrictions.

The “trucker convoy” protests in Canada, originating from relatively small right-wing groups of truckers protesting perceived liberal hype, spread across organize and share news in Facebook groups and Telegram channels, which circulated on more mainstream social media platforms and were amplified and expanded by right-wing broadcasters.

The momentum has spilled over into American conspiracy communities and other groups hoping to leverage the movement for similar protests in the United States.

Olivier O’ConnellFebruary 23, 2022 5:26 p.m.

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Also in the Bolus “Convoy”: America’s Flag Truck

Writer Arieh Kovler noticed that one of the vehicles in the Bolus convoy is the America Flag Truck, which sports a prominent QAnon flag and apparently has its own. Facebook group.

Olivier O’ConnellFebruary 23, 2022 4:42 p.m.

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Bad participation for the first convoy en route to DC

Not a good start for convoys, Bob Bolus’ group currently consists of his 18-wheeler truck, 2 vans and around seven SUVs or sedans, according to Reuters TV’s Julio-César Chávez.

Mr. Bolus had claimed to have 25 trucks heading to DC.

Olivier O’ConnellFebruary 23, 2022 4:37 p.m.

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The People’s Convoy Route

The popular convoy will also depart today for the long journey to Washington, DC, which will depart from Adelanto Stadium, approximately 80 miles northeast of Los Angeles at noon PST (3 p.m. ET).

They plan to follow a route that takes them through Kingman and Lupton in Arizona, Glenrio in Texas, Elk City and Vinita in Oklahoma, and Sullivan in Missouri, before heading to Indianapolis, then Cambridge, Ohio, and Hagerstown. , Maryland.

The convoy intends to arrive in the DC area on March 5.

Olivier O’ConnellFebruary 23, 2022 4:30 p.m.

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The Scranton convoy departs for DC

Today’s convoy from Scranton, PA to the Capital Region, organized by Bob Bolus, set out from the assembly point to meet other truckers near Pitton, PA.

Olivier O’ConnellFebruary 23, 2022 4:23 p.m.

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The largest convoy group lists six routes

The largest of the three organized convoy groups (in addition to the Scranton convoy and the popular convoy from Southern California) has six different routes listed on its website.

The American Truckers Freedom Convoy lists two convoy routes leaving March 1 – one from Spokane, Washington, and one from Weatherford, Texas.

On March 2, another group will depart from Fresno, California.

A fourth group leaves Minot, North Dakota, on March 3.

On March 6, like the other groups near Washington, DC, two more convoys will depart from Cleveland, Ohio, and Columbus, Ohio.

All aim to arrive in the capital region later on March 6.

Olivier O’ConnellFebruary 23, 2022 4:16 p.m.

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If you’re wondering what’s Canada’s latest…

No, you can’t spam a Prime Minister, and now the Governor General had to step in and make a statement to make sure people know about it.

Olivier O’ConnellFebruary 23, 2022 4:10 p.m.

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Truck protests in Canada have grown to cover a number of issues

The truck protests that have gripped Ottawa for weeks originally started as a protest against Covid-19 vaccination mandates, but over time have grown to include a more varied number of issues, until to the dismissal of the Trudeau government.

On Wednesday morning, MSNBC put together a list of problems truckers in the United States may manifest beyond Covid-19 restrictions.

It probably doesn’t include the latest episode of Euphoriabut I haven’t seen it yet.

Olivier O’ConnellFebruary 23, 2022 4:00 p.m.

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DC police chief says January’s chaotic I-95 shutdown has potential impact

Washington Police Chief Robert Contee spoke last week about the possibility of a DC trucker protest and referred to the January snowstorm that shut down I-95 in Virginia.



I mean, you think about the impact of that, on I-95 a few weeks ago, a snowstorm with two or three tractor-trailers created a terrible situation there.

So we will plan as best we can, work with our partners, both local and federal, to do everything we can to mitigate it.

Via WJLA

Olivier O’ConnellFebruary 23, 2022 3:53 p.m.


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How Oregon landed a lithium bounty https://www.language-keyboard.com/how-oregon-landed-a-lithium-bounty/ Wed, 16 Feb 2022 13:02:28 +0000 https://www.language-keyboard.com/how-oregon-landed-a-lithium-bounty/ Disaster Peak, left, punctuates the northwest rim of the McDermitt Caldera in southeastern Oregon, Jan. 14, 2022. The historic lake bed in the foreground contains some of the highest concentrations of lithium in the United States. United. Bradley W. Parks/OPB Sammy Castonguay snapped a piece of rock from a small outcrop on the northeast edge […]]]>

Disaster Peak, left, punctuates the northwest rim of the McDermitt Caldera in southeastern Oregon, Jan. 14, 2022. The historic lake bed in the foreground contains some of the highest concentrations of lithium in the United States. United.

Bradley W. Parks/OPB

Sammy Castonguay snapped a piece of rock from a small outcrop on the northeast edge of the McDermitt Caldera on the Oregon-Nevada border and pinned it to the ground with his boot. He raised his hammer and, with a light blow, broke the rock into small pieces.

Castonguay was collecting samples for his geology students at Treasure Valley Community College in Ontario, Oregon on a sunny Friday in January. He said teaching about this ancient supervolcano is much easier when he can give his students a piece of soft, white rock.

“Last time I came here, I think I only collected five samples,” Castonguay said, admiring a burnt-orange striped specimen. “And these went away very quickly.”

Sammy Castonguay breaks rocks from the McDermitt Caldera into samples for his geology students.

Sammy Castonguay breaks rocks from the McDermitt Caldera into samples for his geology students.

Bradley W. Parks/OPB

Others are also looking for their piece of McDermitt Caldera.

The caldera has some of the highest concentrations of lithium in the United States. Lithium is the lightest metal on earth and highly reactive, making it an ideal ingredient in batteries to power cell phones, laptops and electric vehicles.

British Columbia’s Lithium Americas is going ahead with a mining project on the southern tip of the Nevada caldera which at drawn trial and protests.

Meanwhile, based in Australia Jindalee Resources is exploring a lithium deposit on the Oregon side of the caldera which he believes could be the the biggest in the country. No mines have been proposed in Oregon, but after reviewing the site from the Bureau of Land Management, Jindalee said the deposit could potentially host one.

A map of the McDermitt Caldera on the Oregon-Nevada border.

A map of the McDermitt Caldera on the Oregon-Nevada border.

MacGregor Campbell/OPB

The “lithium rushcomes to Beaver State as US and world powers seek more metal to power electric vehicles and store renewable energy from wind and solar. Unearthing Oregon’s lithium would mean sacrificing that piece of the sagebrush sea to provide the nation with a key ingredient to wean itself off fossil fuels.

Castonguay says it’s important to know the history of the McDermitt Caldera and how it formed before deciding to alter this landscape forever.

“This feature that we talk about and wave in our arms is 16 million years old,” Castonguay said, pointing to the vast caldera in front of him. “And we’re about to make decisions in five, 10 years about this thing. It’s a blink of an eye in geological time.

An eruption at Dwarf St. Helens

Castonguay scribbled notes of the field as the sun melted the thin layer of snow and turned the ground to soup. He said it was not the place to be 16.4 million years ago.

“We wouldn’t want to be here,” Castonguay said. “This is the site of a huge eruption.”

Sammy Castonguay writes field notes during a trip to the McDermitt Caldera.

Sammy Castonguay writes field notes during a trip to the McDermitt Caldera. “This feature that we talk about and wave in our arms is 16 million years old,” Castonguay said. “And we’re about to make decisions in five, 10 years about this thing. It’s a blink of an eye in geological time.

Bradley W. Parks/OPB

The same hotspot causing volcanic activity in Yellowstone National Park today was heat McDermitt at the time. Unlike other volcanoes, which are created by the collision or divergence of tectonic plates, hotspots are relatively stationary and are the result of hot materials near the center of the earth rising to the surface.

The hot spot heated a magma chamber, creating pressure that caused the volcano to erupt.

Chris Henry, a research geologist emeritus at the University of Nevada-Reno and the Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology who helped make the first geological map of the McDermitt caldera, said the eruption was unlike anything what anyone alive today has ever seen.

“What’s happening in there is the magma is bubbling up, and it’s going up in a big column,” Henry said. “That column is collapsing and it’s flowing out as very hot, fairly dense streams that are gas-rich and rich in magma particles. They’re very hot. They’re cooking everything.

McDermitt’s eruption ejected about 1,000 times more magma than Mount St. Helens in 1980opening a path of destruction.

“Any wildlife, any vegetation in the immediate area would be really destroyed, unfortunately,” Henry said. “Mount St. Helens killed a lot of people, cut down a lot of forests; it was a much larger eruption, and it would have done it even more.

lost lake

The hollowed-out magma chamber was no longer strong enough to hold the earth above, so the center of the volcano collapsed into the void, creating a lake bed surrounded by mountains and buttes.

Sammy Castonguay draws a diagram of the Jindalee lithium claim in Oregon.  McDermitt's most economically viable lithium is stored in lake bed clays.

Sammy Castonguay draws a diagram of the Jindalee lithium concession in Oregon. McDermitt’s most economically viable lithium is stored in lake bed clays.

Bradley W. Parks/OPB

Today, the McDermitt Caldera blends into the tan satellite view of the arid American west. But until at least 15.7 million years ago, Henry said, the caldera was filled with water like Crater Lake and Newberry Crater to the west.

Over time, the lake that filled McDermitt Caldera slowly eroded the rhyolite rim that held the water in place. This erosive process is what moved much of the lithium stored at the rim of the caldera to the lake bed clays, but Henry said an additional source of lithium is likely.

The unique geology of the McDermitt Caldera, coupled with a fortuitous delineation of state borders, has positioned Oregon and its poorest county, Malheur, to play a major role in the global transition to renewable energy.

“I think Oregonians need to know about this specific geology and this specific mineral that’s here in lithium because it plays such an immense role in the future of climate change,” Castonguay said.

Sammy Castonguay nibbles a rock to measure its grain size.

Sammy Castonguay nibbles a rock to measure its grain size.

Bradley W. Parks/OPB

Smaller eruptions continued in and around the McDermitt Caldera for a few hundred thousand years after the initial explosion 16.4 million years ago. Volcanic activity died down at McDermitt as the North American tectonic plate moved slowly over the hotspot (imagine a plate of cookies baking on a Bunsen burner), leaving a trail of volcanic centers from here to Yellowstone.

None of them appear to have the type of lithium deposits found at McDermitt. Scientists don’t know why.

“And it’s really curious because it looks like the same geology and the same geological processes happened in these other places, so why don’t they have lithium?” said Henry. “And that’s a real big question and a question that intrigues us.”

The Oregon Opportunity

The American appetite for lithium is more voracious than it has ever been.

Most people have a lithium-ion battery in your pocket and many of them replace it every few years. Manufacturers like General Motors have made promises to go at least partially if not fully electric In the coming years.

“These are things that directly affect people’s lives,” Henry said. “If we’re going to have electric vehicles and many other electric applications, we’re going to need the materials that go into those batteries, and right now lithium is the really big deal.”

A drill rig is parked on the northeast rim of the caldera.

A drill rig is parked on the northeast rim of the caldera.

Bradley W. Parks/OPB

While lithium consumption in the United States has increased, production has not increased.

The only lithium produced in the United States last year came from a brine extraction facility near Silver Peak, Nevada — an online project since the 1960s. The United States imports the majority of its lithium products from Argentina, Chile, China and Russia.

The Trump Administration labeled critical mineral lithium in 2018, speeding up the approval process for lithium mining and exploration. The Biden administration has since announced its intention to source, refine and recycle more lithium domestically.

Some are excited about the prospect of lithium mining in Oregon. Greg Smith, who directs Malheur Department Economic Development Agency, says a mine could provide well-paying jobs and spur growth in other sectors like housing and hospitality. Malheur County has the highest poverty rate in the state, according to a 2020 report from the Oregon Center for Public Policy.

Smith said he was also aware of the controversy created by a proposed lithium mine on the Nevada side of the McDermitt Caldera at Thacker Pass. This project prompted several lawsuits, including from neighboring Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone and Burns Paiute tribes.

“For us to be able to create this economic opportunity, we’re going to have to do it the Oregon way,” Smith said. “And we’ll have to make sure that’s done in a way that benefits all parties.”

Piles of waste from abandoned mercury mines in the McDermitt Caldera.

Piles of waste from abandoned mercury mines in the McDermitt Caldera.

Bradley W. Parks/OPB

Mineral exploration and geological survey have proven that the state has plenty of lithium. It’s unclear if Oregonians will support digging it all up.

You can still see remnants of the last time Oregon mined the McDermitt Caldera. Castonguay pointed to piles of cinnamon- and ginger-colored waste left over from uranium and mercury mining years ago.

“It’s a gift to have the conversation about this metal,” Castonguay said of lithium. “And for making quick and fleeting decisions, we are way beyond that. We have already paid that price.


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